Vascular Disorders of the Integumentary System



Vascular Disease


A Variation of conditions that affect the vein, arteries, or lymph vessels. The disease will usually affect the circulation of blood. This can lead up to a variation of affects including blockage of the veins, swelling, or deterioration. Ther disease has three main condtions.


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Decubitus ulcers (bedsores) Lesions that appear after blood flow to a local area of the skin slows or is obstructed ecase of pressure on the skin covering the bony prominences such as the heel.

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Urticaria (hives) Also known as hives, this conditions in characterized by raised red lesions called wheals caused by leakage of fluid from the skin's blood vessels. It is often associated with itching. Hypersensitivity, allergic reactions, physical irritants, and systemic diseases are often the cause.

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Sclerodermia Autoimmune disease that affects the blood vessels and connective tissues of the skin. Begins as an area of mild inflammation that later develops into a patch of yellowish, hardened skin.

Cure and Treatment
Decubitus Ulcers
: Treatment for the sores may include simply removing the pressure from the infected area, and giving the wound time to heal by turning and rotating the patient. Specialized bedding may assist with this.

Urticaria: Medication, such as creams or pills are taken to help control outbreaks or to cease attacks entirely. Attacks may be triggered by stress, so stress management may also be a way to cure or prevent the disease. Yet, even with treaments or stress relief control of outbreaks is never guaranteed.

Sclerodermia: Blood Pressure medication or blood thining medicine is used to help relive the swelling, Lotion and other creams may be used to help reduce the itchiness and swelling. But because the disease is caused by autoimmune attacks, medication is the most effective way to cure it. Some surgeries are required to remove the already hardend outbreaks of the skin.

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Bibliography

////http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/190115-treatment////

////http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urticaria#Treatment_and_management////

////http://www.medicinenet.com/scleroderma/article.htmhttp://www.google.images.com/////


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