The integumentary system consists of three accessory organs: hair, nails, and glands.

The purpose of hair is to keep the body warm and to protect against the sun's rays to prevent sun burn. Disorders for hair include:

  • Alopecia - Baldness or hair loss.
hair_twh_120_03.jpg

  • Cradle Cap - When a baby has developed scaliness and redness on its scalp.

  • Head Lice - The head louse is a tiny, wingless parasitic insect that lives among human hairs and feeds on extremely small amounts of blood drawn from the scalp.

  • Folliculitis - Folliculitis is an infection of the hair follicle that is most commonly bacterial, but can occasionally be caused by a fungus. It can be either superficial in the follicle or deep in the skin.

  • Hirsutism - Hirsutism is the medical term for excess hair on a woman in the places only adult men "should" grow hair.

  • Menkes Syndrome - Menkes syndrome is a disorder that affects copper levels in the body. It is characterized by sparse, kinky hair; failure to gain weight and grow at the expected rate.

  • Seborrheic Dermatitis - Seborrheic dermatitis is a disease that causes flaking of the skin. AKA dandruff.


The nail's main job is to-e protect the skin under such nail. Nail disorders include:

- Claw-type nails that are characterized by a thickened nail plate and are often the result of trauma. This type of nail plate will curve inward, pinching the nail bed and sometimes require surgical intervention to relieve the pain.
onychogryptosis_2_copy.jpg